The public sector and private sector both provide for education in India. Controlling and funding come from all the three levels; central, state and local. Education in India is controlled by both the state and the union government. The numerous articles mentioned in the Indian constitution mention education as the fundamental right. Though most universities across India are either controlled by the central or the state government, some private universities have begun to perform really well in the education front.
Ranked third, the Indian higher education system is positioned right after China and the United States. The main governing body happens to the University Grants Commission. According to latest rankings, India has 42 central universities and 215 state universities.
ENGINEERING COLLEGES IN INDIA
Engineering in India is one of the most sought-after courses in India. Sometimes it becomes a little difficult to fathom the enigma around the degree of engineering in India as the country churns out the maximum number of engineering graduates every year. Nonetheless, undoubtedly India has some of the best engineering colleges with most of them being controlled by the government. The top slot among the best engineering colleges in India is occupied by the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs).
The IITs are a group of autonomous public engineering institutes of higher education. These are governed by the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961 which was declared as ‘institutes of national importance’. According to latest reports, India now has 16 IITs located in different states of India. Students can pursue degree courses from Bachelors in engineering to Post-Doctoral studies. These days they can also opt for courses like Masters in Business Administration (MBA) as well as Law (BA LLB and LLM). IITs are known for academic excellence, placements, personality development, industry interface, and infrastructure. Dominated by the IITs, the list is given below:
- IIT Delhi
Established in 1959, with collaborations with the United Kingdom (UK), IIT Delhi is currently ranked as the number one engineering institute in the country. According to latest reports and a survey conducted, IIT Delhi scores the highest in overall ranking. These include personality development and industry interface, placement, selection procedure, academic excellence as well as infrastructure and facilities.
Ranked highest in the placement segment, the average salary package ranges somewhere between Rs. 7 lakhs to Rs.8 lakhs per annum for IIT Delhi gradates.
- IIT Kharagpur
The oldest IIT in India, students of this institute are referred to as KGPians. IIT KGP just brush passes right after IIT Delhi in the overall ranking.
- IIT Bombay
Set up in 1958, IIT Bombay was the first IIT to be set up with foreign assistance. Since then, the institute has grown from strength to strength an emerged as one of top engineering institutes of the country.
- IIT Kanpur
Currently ranked as number three, IIT Kanpur excels in all the segments from academic excellence to infrastructure as well as personality development.
- IIT Madras
The next in line, IIT Madras was founded in 1956. The institute has grown steadily and today it is one of the most prestigious engineering institutes in the country.
- IT-BHU, Varanasi
- IIT Guwahati
- Delhi Technological University (DTU), Delhi
- National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu
- Indian School of Mines University, Dhanbad, Jharkhand
Apart from the IITs, there are other government colleges in India that come under the top ten categories and offers various engineering courses. These colleges also conduct their yearly engineering entrance exams to enroll the students. Delhi Technological University, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad and National Institute of Technology are some of them.
Engineering still remains the most sought-after courses in India. Higher-education continues to be dominated by technical education and IITs take away the laurels for the same. For a list of top engineering colleges and courses, you may visit here.