The most popular of all courses, there are several engineering entrance examinations that are conducted in India, through which students can take admission in the engineering colleges across the country. The following blog post takes a look at the same.
The Indian education underwent a sea change when colonialism came along. Higher education in India began to be modeled after western education. It is then that disciplines of engineering, medical gradually came into existence and began to be pursued by students. However, the history of engineering in India can be traced back to the Indus Valley civilization. The marvelous skills of the then engineers can be found in the ruins of the excavations of ruins in Mohenjodaro.
Studies in Science and Engineering reached its zenith in India during the British rule. Notable Indian scholars exposed to the western thoughts and education which led to the acceptance of engineering as a major discipline.
As modernization started foraying into the society, industries began to be developed. This created a demand for trained professionals in the field of engineering. Thus B.Tech colleges were introduced in order to cater to this demand. The first engineering college in India offering a B.Tech degree was established in Guindy, Tamil Nadu in 1794 with only one student. Later it was affiliated to the University of Madras in1859.
Today, engineering is one of the most sought-after courses in India. Thousands of students choose to pursue engineering for their higher studies. However, in order to make it to the best engineering colleges, candidates have to appear for the engineering entrance examinations that are conducted in India. Some of the major engineering entrance examinations in India are explained below:
IIT-JEE: Considered to be the toughest engineering examinations in India, the exam is the gateway to the esteemed Indian Institutes of Technology. Modeled on the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) the IITs feature in the top engineering institutes of the world as well.
Seats: Approximately 10,000
Exam Pattern: The current pattern in practice since 2006 comprises two objective type papers each containing Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics
Eligibility: The maximum upper age limit is 25 years and the candidate should have a minimum qualification of 10+2
Institutes: IITs, ISM Dhanbad, IIT-BHU
AIEEE: The most popular among engineering examinations in India, thousands of students appear for this examination. Approximately 27000 seats are available for several engineering colleges if not the IITs. Other institutes such as National Institute of Technology, Deemed Universities, Delhi Technological University admit candidates through AIEEE.
Seats: Approximately 27000
Exam Pattern: Objective type questions from Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.
Eligibility: 10+2 with at least 50% marks. Candidates aspiring for Architecture, for them Mathematics is a compulsory subject.
Institutes: 5 IITs and 30 National Institutes of Technology (NITs)
BITSAT: It is an online objective type test for the engineering courses offered by the Birla Institutes of Technology located in several campuses across India. The exam is usually held for a month and is considered simpler than AIEEE and IIT-JEE.
Exam Pattern: objective type, multiple choice questions carrying 3 marks each. The number of questions is 150.
Eligibility: Completed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics
Institute: Birla Institutes of Technology across India.
GRADUATE APTITUDE TEST IN ENGINEERING (GATE): It is an all India examination that is held for admission in postgraduate courses in engineering institutes like the IITs. This is essentially meant for M.Tech courses.
Eligibility: A bachelor’s degree in engineering or a Master’s degree in Science, Mathematics, Statistics, Computer Applications or equivalent.
Exam Pattern: The candidate should be a resident of India or a non-resident Indian. He or she should have completed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.
MHT-CET: This is a state joint entrance examination conducted by the Maharashtra State Government.
DELHI CCE: This examination is conducted by the Delhi Engineering College
WB-JEE: Conducted by the West Bengal state government, WB-JEE comprises 3 papers, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry and Biology. 80% of the paper consists of multiple choice questions and the rest short-answer questions.
Apart from the above mentioned examinations, several Indian states conduct their own engineering entrance examinations. Till date engineering happens to be the most popular courses to be opted by Indian students.